Reliving the pain of osteoarthritis in Encinitas, CA
Osteoarthritis is a painful joint condition that detracts from the quality of life of many Encinitas, CA men and women. Here at Seaside Rheumatology and Wellness Center, we provide state-of-the-art treatment options to help you find real relief.
What is Polymyalgia Rheumatica?
Osteoarthritis, also known a degenerative joint disease, is a slowly progressive, noninflammatory condition that typically affects the joins of the hands, hips, knees, and spine. It is characterized by joint pain that is usually worsened after activity, joint stiffness, bony enlargement, joint instability, crepitus (joint creaking) and loss of range of motion.
Osteoarthritis is a result of one’s genetic predisposition and environmental exposures. For example, excessive loads due to increased weight or trauma results in damage to the joint cartilage and bone just beneath this cartilage. A small percentage of osteoarthritis can be more aggressive and is thought to have a more inflammatory component.
Symptoms and risk factors
Radiographic (x-ray) changes seen in osteoarthritis include; bone spurs, joint space narrowing and subchondral cysts. Osteoarthritis is more common in men than in women and associated with increased age. Inflammatory osteoarthritis is more common in women. There are several risk factors for osteoarthritis including:
- Family risk
- History of trauma
- Repetitive injuries
How osteoarthritis is treated
Osteoarthritis is treated with a combination of lifestyle modifications, weight loss, physical therapy, occupational therapy, strength and range of motion exercises, bracing, medications, joint injections (steroids and viscosupplementation), and as a last resort, surgical intervention.
All injection procedures done at the Seaside Rheumatology and Wellness Center are done with ultrasound guidance to improve accuracy and patient comfort. Viscosupplementation treatments may require a one-time injection, while others require one injection per week for up to three to five weeks. The type of viscosupplementation used will be decided by your physician based on symptoms and the joint affected.
The viscosupplementation injections can then be repeated on an as needed basis. Steroid injections can be done for both acute and chronic arthritic pain. It is recommended not to have more than three injections per year. All injection procedures have both risks and benefits, which your physician will discuss with you during your visit.